Planting Roses

Plant your Shrub and Climber Roses in an area that gets four to six hours of direct sunlight a day and plenty of air circulation.

Dig a hole approximately 2 to 3 inches wider and deeper as the nursery container your rose arrived in.

Mix garden soil from the hole with aged compost or aged manure mix. Fill the hole about half way up with water. Once the water has absorbed into the ground, put enough of the mix in the bottom of the hole to raise the top level of the potted area just above the ground level.

Gently pry the root and soil out of the pot and place in hole. Holding the base of the trunk 2 to 3 inches above the soil level, fill in the remaing hole with the soil mix pressing down firmily as adding especially at the bottom of the hole. Slowly add water to the hole (depending on soil approximately 1 quart to 1/2 gallon). At the base of the plant, press firmly to remove any air holes in the soil. Depending on your local weather, water your new rose plant every 2 to 3 days for the first 2 weeks as needed. To check when water is needed, push your finger into the soil about 4 inches down from the base. If it is dry, water. If it is moist or cool, water the following day. After the first couple weeks, water 1 to 2 times a week during the first growing season as needed.

To keep it looking great, simply prune back by at least one third its total height each early spring, just as the new buds begin to emerge on the stems. Make your cut just above a thick, healthy bud, as these produce the most vigorous growth. It can also be fertilized at this time with a granular rose fertilizer. The plant may be deadheaded if desired, but this is not required for continuous bloom.